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This is very long HIT. Here are the responses I got from my request of information 
about Vocabulary Strategies/Programs/Word Lists/Assesments for 9-12 Education. I 
made a webliograhy of things I found myself, and added all the suggestions from 
LM_NETers :-) Thanks to all who contributed to my request.

Pia Alliende 


Building Background Knowledge for Academic Achievement by Robert Marzano. It has 
leveled vocabulary by subject area (level 1 - basic words) there are four levels of 
words as well as strategies for effective instruction - as well as the background 



We have implemented a school-wide vocab strategy as part of our NCA school 
improvement process. A quick search of ERIC will yield several articles on the 
importance of vocabulary, especially as it relates to reading.  That is our focus, 
using vocab as a reading strategy.  With the current interest and emphasis on 
reading at the secondary level, there is a lot of info out there. We have a 
Unitedstreaming subscription and used one of the professional development videos 
describing and modeling the use of a Concept Definition Map.  This is an 
interesting vocab choice because it requires students to activate prior knowledge, 
make inferences, and create a definition in their own words. All reading strategies 
and higher-level thinking for a vocab strategy.  


We do a word of the day in 9-12 only from books in our all-school read. 

Then at noon the principal reads a sentence using that word (that I have written 
and sent to him).  Students put the sentence in a box in the library and the person 
whose sentence is drawn out of the box wins a simple prize. We do this every day. 


Reader's Digest has a vocabulary challenge program you can purchase and set up 
similar to a spelling bee.  It has lesson plans, vocab tests, etc.  The final 
competition is in New York City and has $10,000, $15,000 and $25,000 scholarship 
prizes.  That is motivation for a lot of kids.  I have organized the program the 
last two years in my elementary school. It has several different grade levels.   It 
cost about $35-$40 a year for the program.




I am thinking of implementing a vocab program at the MS level, something along the 

of A Word a Day or A Word a Week.


here's a great site: 

you can sign up to receive the word of the day via email.  Very popular.  It goes 
to people all over the world.  the author has now published a couple of books you 
might email him for suggestions on vocab research?  His name is Anu Garg there have 
definitely been links posted in the weekly comments for vocab sites, I just don't 
remember them offhand.


Also, Richard Lederer is a linguist, lecturer, teacher and author who writes about 
language.  He's very funny.  His books include some games and activities with 
language you might be able to use.  My own kids howled with laughter at Anguished 


There are two books out that you might want to look at, although they seem to me to 
be a bit limited:  

          _100 words every high school freshman should know_          

          _100 words every high school graduate should know_


They were published by Houghton Mifflin in 2003 & 2004.


Vocabulary Strategies/Programs 9-12 Education 

            A Webliography    Last updated February 21, 2007

by  Pia Alliende| <> 

This webliography is divided in four categories:
   I. Articles, books, and presentations related to vocabulary strategies and  
    II. Word Lists
    III. Vocabulary Tests 
    IV. Language Sites Links, Games, Puzzles, Strategies and Much More

    I. Articles, books, and presentations related to vocabulary strategies,
        and development

*       100 Words Every Every High School Freshman Should Know by the Editors of 
The American Heritage Dictionaries Houghton Mifflin (April 7, 2004). ISBN-13: 
        Above is the Amazon link 

        100 Words Every High School Graduate Should Know 
        by the editors of The American Heritage Dictionaries. Houghton Mifflin (May 
5, 2003) ISBN-13: 978-0618374120 
        Above is the Amazon link

*       BBC|British Council: Teaching English-Vocabulary Articles 
        On these pages you will find links to articles connected with the teaching 
of vocabulary provided by the BCC | British Council.

*       Dancing with Words: Helping Students Love Language Through Authentic 
Vocabulary Instruction by Judith Rowe Michaels. National Council of Teachers of 
English, 2001. Full Text available through ERIC ED 458 595.
        This book argues for a deeper, richer view of vocabulary than the standard 
images conjured up by that word--worksheets, weekly quizzes, and anxieties about 
standardized test scores. The book invites teachers and students to experience "the 
music of words," words in isolation and in juxtapositions, and urges them to bring 
their own life experiences to language, showing in turn how language can help them 
know that experience more fully. It demonstrates how to build a community in the 
classroom where curiosity about language is the norm. It states that, within this 
community, students and teacher not only take time to test out shades of 
connotation and learn about how words and syntax create voice, they also: engage in 
personal and philosophical discussions that grow from seemingly simple words such 
as "solitude,""self," and "phony"; participate in dance and theater games as ways 
of mastering language; keep individual word lists which they share with the class 
through a variety of exercises; free-associate through discussion and freewrites on 
key words from literature; write their own dictionary definitions of familiar 
words; experiment with the rhythms and sounds of words through poetry writing; and 
explore the different vocabularies used in a big city newspaper--in sportswriting, 
book and TV reviews, news reporting, editorials, and science writing. (Each chapter 
contains notes, and a 17-item annotated bibliography of books for further reading 
is attached.) 

*       Effective Vocabulary Instruction: Active, Involving, and Engaging 
Strategies for Encouraging Vocabulary Development by Ray Reutzel.
        Presentations, Publications, Resources and by EEJ Center Staff

*       Enhancing Vocabulary Instruction for Secondary Students (Revised) 
        In conjunction with the Texas Education Agency Division of Curriculum and 
Professional Development <> , this 
guide was revised in 2003 from the original version 
        This guide provides an overview of vocabulary development and focuses on 
ways to enhance vocabulary instruction. It includes strategies for teaching 
vocabulary and for integrating vocabulary into a lesson. It includes specific 
instructional strategies for teaching vocabulary skills based on the Texas 
Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS), including using word parts, word 
association, context clues, and connotative meaning.
        This guide also contains information on adaptations for struggling readers 
and writers (addressing students with disabilities and English language learners). 
Adaptations of several of the strategies for vocabulary development are included. 
Also provided are critical features of effective instruction and specific 
information on integrating the strategies into the classroom.
        Professional development guides include the following materials for 
workshop presenters:
         - Presentation slides, which present key points and activities, offered in 
two formats: overhead transparencies and Adobe PDF presentations 
        - Speaker's notes and activities to accompany the presentation slides 
        - Informational and notetaking handouts for participants 
         - References 

*       High School Reading Leadership Teams: They Do Make a Difference! 
        Presentation of Navarre High School at the 5th Annual Just Read, Florida! 
K-12 Leadership Conference, 2006.

*       How to Find your Perfect Fit in a Secondary Reading Plan

*       Powerpoint presentation at the 5th Annual Just Read, Florida! K-12 
Leadership Conference, 2006.

*       Middle and High School Reading Achievement: A School Wide Approach by Joan 
Sedita, Boxford, MA: Sedita Learning Strategies, October 2004 

*       The Pikes Peak Literacy Strategies Project: Applying the findings and 
recommendations of the National Reading Panel to the teaching and learning of 
reading in Colorado, Spring 2005 
        Read Vocabulary component pp. 30-36.

*       Resource Guide for Adolescent Literacy by Judith L. Irvin. Prepared by Bill 
& Melinda Gates Foundation. National Literacy Project. 2006 
        The National Literacy Project has produced a comprehensive resource guide 
to help education practitioners, from district and school administrators to 
classroom teachers and coaches, and improve their approach to adolescent literacy. 
Contents include full literacy programs, professional development resources, 
examples of successful instructional models, literacy tools, research syntheses and 
a list of experts in the field. (557 KB PDF file)

*       Strategies to Enhance Vocabulary Development by Tiffany Teal. February 13, 
2003. Final Project. Dekalb County Schools. ERIC ED 479128.
        Abstract: Vocabulary knowledge provides a source of prior knowledge and 
word meaning that can be used to enhance reading comprehension. It is important 
that teachers be aware and knowledgeable of the many strategies available to 
enhance vocabulary growth, and also how to teach these strategies to students. 
These strategies can range from the use of context cues to feature analysis maps. 
In this pamphlet, teachers will find strategies and activities that can be used to 
increase student vocabulary growth. The pamphlet first reviews the research on 
vocabulary learning and then presents "pre-reading" strategies/vocabulary, 
including graphic organizer and word mapping. It next presents "during reading" 
strategies/vocabulary, such as keeping a vocabulary journal, followed by "after 
reading" strategies/vocabulary, such as doing crossword puzzles and morphemic 
analysis. It also cites specific strategies to help English-as-a-second-language 
students, including cooperative learning. The pamphlet suggests home activities for 
vocabulary development, including activities for the beginning reader and the 
intermediate reader. Lists 23 relevant technology Web site addresses

*       Teaching Vocabulary to Adolescents to Improve Comprehension by Mary E. 
Curtis and Ann Marie Longo, Reading Online, November 
        Abstract: Providing vocabulary instruction is one of the most significant 
ways in which teachers can improve students' reading and listening comprehension. 
It can also be one of the most challenging things for teachers to do well. This 
article describes a 16-week intervention in which the comprehension of middle and 
high school students reading below grade level was improved significantly by 
instruction that developed their vocabularies through listening, speaking, reading, 
and writing. Guiding principles for the intervention are discussed and sample 
activities are provided.

*       Vocabulary Development: Elaboration for Writing. Carl B. Smith (ed). ERIC: 
Clearinghouse on Reading, English, and Communication. ED 480 888. 
        Abstract: Extensive research in the area of vocabulary development revealed 
a very limited amount of information on elaboration for writing. Only one article 
was found that substantiated the need to connect vocabulary with elaborative 
writing. This topical bibliography and commentary summarizes the findings in that 
article. The bibliography/ commentary considers the following: the levels of 
vocabulary proficiency, methods of teaching vocabulary, context in discovering the 
meaning of unfamiliar words, review activities to enhance a student's vocabulary, 
elaboration, and finally, using the new vocabulary in writing. It concludes that 
research has shown that a learner's writing vocabulary is the highest level of 
cognitive development, indicating that students would greatly benefit from learning 
to use new vocabulary with an elaboration for writing. Lists 2 Internet resources 
and 1 reference. 

*       Where I can journal articles on vocabulary instruction? October 2003
        In response to a request for information on vocabulary instruction, AskEric 
conducted a sample search of the ERIC database. In this link are appended 15 
citations with abstracts, and directions for accessing the full text of articles on 
vocabulary instruction.

*       Vicious Vocabulary by Phil Eisenhower. Random House Reference (December 9, 
2003).ISBN-13: 978-0375720413
        Above is the Amazon Link. Book description from "Timorous 
tenderfoots, lackadaisical slouches, and closed-minded obscurants should avoid this 
fun and devious vocabulary book. Everyone else will delight in its blend of 
flabbergasting words, wacky quotes, and creative quizzes. Educator Phil Eisenhower 
has selected the words SAT and GRE takers love to hate-
        such as obdurate, edacious, and vulpine-and made them memorable. Realizing 
that people remember insults better than any other words, the author has phrased 
each word as a humorous barb. The result is a vocabulary reference that 
everyone-from gangsters to students to presidents-can use to insult and impress."

*       Vocabulary Instruction in Secondary Schools from The Clearinghouse on 
Reading, English, and Communication <> 
        The materials in this website from ERIC are intended to provide an 
introduction to Vocabulary Instruction in Secondary schools. They were assembled 
from the World Wide Web, ERIC Database, and a variety of other bibliographic 
resources. Instructions for acquiring the full text of the ERIC records are 
presented at the end of the site.

*       Words You Should Know In High School: 1000 Essential Words To Build 
Vocabulary, Improve Standardized Test Scores, And Write Successful Papers by Burton 
Jay Nadler, Jordan Nadler and, Justin Nadler. Adams Media Corporation (April 15, 
2005). ISBN-13: 978-1593372941

*       Wordly Wise 3000: Book 9 by Kenneth Hodkinson and Sandra Adams. Educators 
Pub Service (November, 2000). ISBN-13:: 978-0838824399

    II. Word Lists


        Academic Word List or
        The Academic Word List was developed at the School of Linguistics and 
Applied Language Studies <>  at Victoria University of 
Wellington <> , New Zealand.  The list contains 570 word 
families which were selected according to principles outlined on the website.  The 
list does not include words that are in the most frequent 2000 words of English. 
The AWL was primarily made so that it could be used by teachers as part of a 
programme preparing learners for tertiary level study or used by students working 
alone to learn the words most needed to study at tertiary institutions. 


        A.Word.A.Day (AWAD)
        One of the services provided by is to subscribe to A Word a 
Day. Subscribers received in their email one word, its definition, pronunciation 
and examples. It is a community of more than 600,000 linguaphiles in at least 200 

*       The Phrontistery: Obscure Words and Vocabulary Resources <> 
        Hosted by Steve Chrisomalis. Since 1996, he has compiled word lists "in 
order to spread the joy of the English language. Here, you will find the 
International House of Logorrhea (an online dictionary of obscure and rare words), 
the Compendium of Lost Words (a compilation of ultra-rare forgotten words), and 
many other glossaries, word lists, essays, and other language and etymology 

*       Wordly Wise© 3000: Explicit, sSystematic, and Direct Vocabulary Instruction 
Grades K-12" by Kenneth Hodkinson, Sandra Adams, Cheryl Dressler, 2nd edition. 
        It offers pdf downloads of the research basis for World Wise, and k-12 Word 
        ęDownload the Research 
<>  basis for 
Wordly Wise 3000 
        ęDownload K-12 Word List: Alphabetical 
        ęDownload K-12 Word List: By Level 

*       Word Lists provided by The Complete Lexical Tutor 
        Where do lists come from? 
        English 1000 and 2000 lists are versions of West's (1934) General Service 
List (See <> ) 
        Academic Word List <> 
Averil Coxhead.
        Lists used on Lextutor:
<>  39k 
        1000_heads.txt <>  9k 
        2000_families.txt <> 
        2000_heads.txt <>  
awl_heads.txt <>  5k 
        awl_families.txt <>  
<>  37k

     III. Vocabulary Tests

*       Daily Vocabulary Quizz <> 
        Three new, often challenging, words every day to test your knowledge of the 
meanings of words.

*       Essential Academic Vocabulary - ACE Quizzes
 Free online quizzes offered by Houghton Mifflin-College Division based on the book 
Essential Academic Vocabulary by Helen Huntley , West Virginia University. (2005. 
ISBN-13: 978-0618445424). The quizzes are according to the chapters of the book: 
        Chapter 1: Learning Styles 
        Chapter 2: Stress in College Life 
        Chapter 3: Student Housing 
        Chapter 4: Student Activities 
        Chapter 5: Review 
        Chapter 6: Education 
        Chapter 7: Business 
        Chapter 8: Marketing 
        Chapter 9: Economics 
        Chapter 10: Review 
        Chapter 11: Psychology 
        Chapter 12: History 
        Chapter 13: Political Science 
        Chapter 14: Linguistics 
        Chapter 15: Review 
        Chapter 16: Environmental Science 
        Chapter 17: Geology 
        Chapter 18: Chemistry 
        Chapter 19: Information Science and Technology 

        The Princeton Review Study Guides. Vocabulary Modules to prepare students 
for the National Vocabulary Championship (NVC). Link to NVC <> 
        Link to the modules 
        Module 1 - Mnemonic Madness 
        Module 2 - Compliment or Criticism? 
        Module 3 - What's the Link? 
        Module 4 - Using Context 
        Module 5 - Using Context, Part 2 
        Module 6 - Dictionaries, Etymologies, and Thesauri...Oh, My! 
        Module 7 - Vocabulary Journaling 
        Module 8 - Secondary Meanings 
        Module 9 - The Perfect Roommate 
        Module 10 - Analogies 

*       Recommended Vocabulary Tests and Exercises provided by Word Surfing 

*       SAT Preparation <>  
        The SAT Preparation site developed by Jacob Richman contains over 3,000 
multiple choice questions to help high school students prepare for the vocabulary 
section of the new SAT exam. The site is also useful to anyone that would like to 
improve their English vocabulary.
        Richard Lederer is the author of more than 30 books about language and 
humor, including his current book, Word Wizard. Dr. Lederer's syndicated column, 
"Looking at Language," appears in newspapers and magazines throughout the United 

*       Vocabulary Level Tests 
        IV. Language Sites Links, Games, Puzzles, Strategies and Much More

*       Language Sites by Richard Lederer's Verbivore <>  
        Links to languages sites provided by Richard Lederer in his website 
www.verbivore.comm <>  . The last category is about "Word 
Watching & Vocabulary Development" : 
        The links are divided in the following categories:
        Etymology <>  
        Grammar & Usage <>  
        Language Columns/Online Magazines 
        Linguistic Links <>  
        Newsgroups <>  
        Puns <>  
        Reference <>  
            Dictionaries & Thesauri <>  
            Other Language Reference Links 
        Word Games <>  
        Word & Letter Play <>  
        Word Watching & Vocabulary Development 

        Richard Lederer is the author of more than 30 books about language and 
humor, including his current book, Word Wizard. Dr. Lederer's syndicated column, 
"Looking at Language," appears in newspapers and magazines throughout the United 

*       Learning Vocabulary Can Be Fun (Vocabulary Building for k-12 and ESL 
Students) <> 
        Site developed by Jacob Richman an Internet Consultant, and developer of 
educational websites from Ma'aleh Adumim, Israel. The site's purpose is to provide 
ways of improving English vocabulary while having fun. Includes Flash Games: Word 
Search, Hangman, Jumble, Match Game, Vocabulary Quiz, Crossword Puzzles.
        The same author has a SAT Preparation Site.

*       Vocabulary University: Vocabulary, Free Word Puzzles and Activities <> 
        According to this website "...teachers have endorsed this site that 
enriches classroom curriculum with self-paced, interactive activities. They 
supplement personal vocabulary acquisition and are being used in over 17,000 
schools plus home schools and ESL programs."

*       Wordsurfing <> 
        According to his author Will McCulloch, Wordsurfing (MS)  is based on a 
well-organized, personal notebook which encourages learners to develop good 
language habits. It acts as a stepping stone to real conversational practice by 
helping learners to actually use their new vocabulary as soon as possible." 
        "The website aims to provide students and teachers with the latest 
information on vocabulary learning techniques - and give them lots of good 
opportunities to put theory into practice." 
        There are many word lists, exercises, strategies, tests, and links. Among 
other things, the site provides links to free English lessons and one of the 
categories focuses on vocabulary 

Pia Alliende
Library Media Specialist
Hartman Campus Library
Redmond High School
International School of the Cascades
2105 W. Antler Ave.
Redmond, OR 97756
541-923-4840 ext. 133/134
541-923-4846 Fax

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