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A new online collection of interviews with some of the most prominent diplomats of 
the 20th century is now available from the Library of Congress's American Memory 
Web site:  < >.

"Frontline Diplomacy: The Foreign Affairs Oral History Collection of the 
Association for Diplomatic Studies and Training" < > presents a window into the 
lives of American diplomats. Transcripts of interviews with U.S. diplomatic 
personnel capture their experiences, motivations, critiques, personal analyses and 
private thoughts. These elements are crucial to understanding the full story of the 
creation of a structure of stable relationships that maintained world peace and 
protected U.S. interests and values.

Most of the interviews in the collection come from foreign service officers, but 
there also are some with political appointees and other officials. While some 
1920s-, 1930s-, and World War II-era diplomacy is covered, most of the interviews 
involve post-World War II diplomacy, from the late 1940s to the 1990s.

This collection captures the post-World War II period in vivid terms and intimate 
detail, documenting the way U.S. diplomacy defended the United States and its 
interests in a challenging world. The narratives span the major diplomatic crises 
and issues that faced the United States during the second half of the 20th century 
and, as new interviews are added, will include developments in the 21st century. 
The 1,301 transcripts of oral history interviews were donated by the Association 
for Diplomatic Studies and Training, a private, nonprofit organization.

The collection includes extensive personal recollections from luminaries of 
American 20th century diplomatic history, including Alfred "Roy" Atherton 
(ambassador to Egypt), Zbigniew Brzezinski (national security adviser under 
President Carter), Frank Carlucci (ambassador to Portugal under Presidents Nixon 
and Ford; also served as secretary of defense under President Reagan), Julia Child 
(spouse of foreign service officer Paul Cushing Child), Lawrence Eagleburger 
(secretary of state under President George H.W. Bush), Averell Harriman (ambassador 
to the Soviet Union and England under President Franklin Roosevelt), Jeane 
Kirkpatrick (ambassador to the United Nations), Winston Lord (played a critical 
role in opening relations with China under President Nixon), Clare Boothe Luce 
(ambassador to Italy under President Eisenhower), Douglas MacArthur II (nephew of 
Gen. Douglas MacArthur and ambassador to Japan, Belgium, Austria and Iran), Charles 
H. Percy (senator from Illinois), Rozanne Ridgway (ambassador to Finland and East 
Germany), Dean Rusk (secretary of state under Presidents Kennedy and Johnson), John 
S. Service (foreign service officer specializing in China before World War II), 
Cyrus Vance (secretary of state under President Carter) and Marion Post Wolcott 
(photographer, married to USAID official Lee Wolcott).

The full text of the official press release is available at: < >.

For further information please contact the Library's Manuscript Division: 
< >.


Laura Gottesman
Digital Reference Team
The Library of Congress
< >

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